In 1943 the main
intelligence networks had important losses due to the blows given by Gestapo and
Abwehr. Because of possible infiltrations and treasons, the staff officers of
the General Eisenhower (SHAEF) asked General de Gaulle to put at his disposal a
hundred of highly selected French soldiers. Only them would be able to hide and
to melt within the population and therefore to be able to inform the Allies in
real time about the enemy troop movements just behind the battle zones. The
Sussex Plan was born and largely contributed to the success of the Overlord
operation, the Allies troop unloading in Normandy.
Dedicated to military intelligence missions, the Sussex teams
were composed of two French officers (1 observer and 1 radio operator).
Parachuted in civil clothes, each team had to melt in the anonymity and to look
for any type of military information on the movements of the German Army (or its
retreat) and the strategic points (weapons storage, fuel, bridges used by German,
etc). From February to September 1944, 2 Sussex Pathfinder teams and 52 Sussex
teams were dropped into France.
Among them, two women, Jeannette Guyot and Evelyne Clopet.
The Sussex teams lost 10 agents killed in action among them Evelyne Clopet and
Jacques Voyet, made Companion de la Liberation (Posthumous).
Written by Dominique Soulier, son of Georges Soulier who was
dropped with the Sussex mission “VIS”, this book based on 3 real mission
testimonies, dimensions 23,5 X 27,5 cm and 175 pages, presents more than 300
photographs of people, of new objects and documents relating to the Sussex Plan
which magnificently illustrate these precursors of the special services.